The establishment of the Department was connected with the modernization of the Armed Forces, and above all with the introduction of rocket technology in the late 1950s. Scientific and research and teaching activities began in 1961 as the Department of Missile Armament of the WAT, transformed in 1968 into the Electromechanical Department of Missile Armament. After the takeover of classical armament training in 1971, a new name – Electromechanical Department – was approved. As of November 15, 1994, the Electromechanical Faculty was transformed into the Faculty of Armament and Aerospace. By creating the Faculty of Armament and Aerospace, the mixed institute-chair structure was replaced by an institute structure. As a result of the restructuring of the WAT, at the beginning of 2003 the Faculty changed its full-time structure to a civilian one and took the name of the Faculty of Mechatronics. As a result of the development of the Department, with the aim of adapting its name to the tasks carried out, it changed its name to the Department of Mechatronics and Aerospace on January 1, 2012.